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Open Access Methodology

Guidance on priority setting in health care (GPS-Health): the inclusion of equity criteria not captured by cost-effectiveness analysis

Ole F Norheim, Rob Baltussen, Mira Johri, Dan Chisholm, Erik Nord, DanW Brock, Per Carlsson, Richard Cookson, Norman Daniels, Marion Danis, Marc Fleurbaey, Kjell A Johansson, Lydia Kapiriri, Peter Littlejohns, Thomas Mbeeli, Krishna D Rao, Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer and Dan Wikler

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Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014, 12:18  doi:10.1186/1478-7547-12-18

Published: 29 August 2014

Abstract (provisional)

This Guidance for Priority Setting in Health Care (GPS-Health), initiated by the World Health Organization, offers a comprehensive map of equity criteria that are relevant to health care priority setting and should be considered in addition to cost-effectiveness analysis. The guidance, in the form of a checklist, is especially targeted at decision makers who set priorities at national and sub-national levels, and those who interpret findings from cost-effectiveness analysis. It is also targeted at researchers conducting cost-effectiveness analysis to improve reporting of their results in the light of these other criteria.The guidance was develop through a series of expert consultation meetings and involved three steps: i) methods and normative concepts were identified through a systematic review; ii) the review findings were critically assessed in the expert consultation meetings which resulted in a draft checklist of normative criteria; iii) the checklist was validated though an extensive hearing process with input from a range of relevant stakeholders.The GPS-Health incorporates criteria related to the disease an intervention targets (severity of disease, capacity to benefit, and past health loss); characteristics of social groups an intervention targets (socioeconomic status, area of living, gender; race, ethnicity, religion and sexual orientation); and non-health consequences of an intervention (financial protection, economic productivity, and care for others).

The complete article is available as a provisional PDF. The fully formatted PDF and HTML versions are in production.