Open Access Highly Accessed Open Badges Guideline

Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) statement

Don Husereau11523*, Michael Drummond4, Stavros Petrou5, Chris Carswell6, David Moher7, Dan Greenberg89, Federico Augustovski1011, Andrew H Briggs12, Josephine Mauskopf13, Elizabeth Loder1416 and on behalf of the CHEERS Task Force

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Health Economics, Edmonton, Canada

2 Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada

3 University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria

4 Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York, UK

5 Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK

6 Adis International, Auckland, New Zealand

7 Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada

8 Department of Health Systems Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel

9 Center for the Evaluation of Value and Risk in Health, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA

10 Health Economic Evaluation and Technology Assessment, Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS), Buenos Aires, Argentina

11 Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina

12 Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK

13 RTI Health Solutions, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA

14 Division of Headache and Pain, Brigham and Women’s/Faulkner Neurology, Faulkner Hospital, Boston, MA, USA

15 D Husereau, 879 Winnington Ave, Ottawa, ON K2B 5C4, Canada

16 Clinical Epidemiology Editor, BMJ, London, UK

For all author emails, please log on.

Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2013, 11:6  doi:10.1186/1478-7547-11-6

Published: 25 March 2013


Economic evaluations of health interventions pose a particular challenge for reporting. There is also a need to consolidate and update existing guidelines and promote their use in a user friendly manner. The Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) statement is an attempt to consolidate and update previous health economic evaluation guidelines efforts into one current, useful reporting guidance. The primary audiences for the CHEERS statement are researchers reporting economic evaluations and the editors and peer reviewers assessing them for publication.

The need for new reporting guidance was identified by a survey of medical editors. A list of possible items based on a systematic review was created. A two round, modified Delphi panel consisting of representatives from academia, clinical practice, industry, government, and the editorial community was conducted. Out of 44 candidate items, 24 items and accompanying recommendations were developed. The recommendations are contained in a user friendly, 24 item checklist. A copy of the statement, accompanying checklist, and this report can be found on the ISPOR Health Economic Evaluations Publication Guidelines Task Force website ( webcite).

We hope CHEERS will lead to better reporting, and ultimately, better health decisions. To facilitate dissemination and uptake, the CHEERS statement is being co-published across 10 health economics and medical journals. We encourage other journals and groups, to endorse CHEERS. The author team plans to review the checklist for an update in five years.